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Congenital skull depression in adults

Congenital depressions of the skull are rare in Western countries. The majority relate to obstetric trauma at delivery. We present a case of a congenital depression of a neonate's skull not relating to obstetric trauma. The child had an ovoid indentation behind the right coronal suture in the temperoparietal region Congenital skull depression in babies delivered by cesarean section (C/S) is an extremely rare occurrence and its etiology is frequently unknown. Such depression may be associated with brain injury and permanent cosmetic deformity. Surgical therapy is not the only choice since cranial CT is useful for identification of intracranial damage A dent in your head (also known as a skull depression) can indicate several medical conditions. It can also be genetic or happen because of an injury The main sign of a congenital skull dent is the depression in the bone. However, the trauma may also cause a brain injury in some babies. When a brain injury occurs, symptoms may include

Congenital skull indentation: a case report and review of

Congenital depressions of the skull are rare in Western countries. The majority relate to obstetric trauma at delivery. We present a case of a congenital depression of a neonate's skull not.. Congenital Depressions: They are the depression of the skull which is present at the time of birth of the child. They appear like a dent in skull. They can be caused due to the pressure exerted by the mother's pelvis over the soft fetal skull during the delivery Car accidents, falls, or severe blows to the head can cause what's called a depressed fracture in your skull. A depressed fracture means that a part of your skull has been crushed in toward your brain. This kind of injury requires emergency medical treatment. 2

Reconstructive Procedures | Dr

Congenital depression of the fetal skull: case report and

Causes of Head and Skull Shape Abnormalities and How to

Congenital depression of the fetal skull in newborns is uncommon, with a reported incidence ranging between 1 and 2.5 per 10,000 live births. Factors commonly encountered in neonates with congenital skull fracture include forceps delivery, maternal trauma, large uterine fibroids, fetal malpresentation, and compression by fetal limbs Among adults 60 years of age and older, the more common signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus are: Loss of bladder control or a frequent urge to urinate. Memory loss. Progressive loss of other thinking or reasoning skills. Difficulty walking, often described as a shuffling gait or the feeling of the feet being stuck Congenital depression of the neonatal skull has had an incidence of 0.1% (1/10 000) in our newborn population during the past 8 years. These skull depressions have two pathogenetic types. Craniosynostosis (kray-nee-o-sin-os-TOE-sis) is a birth defect in which one or more of the fibrous joints between the bones of your baby's skull (cranial sutures) close prematurely (fuse), before your baby's brain is fully formed. Brain growth continues, giving the head a misshapen appearance. Normally, during infancy the sutures remain.

Dent in head: Causes and when to see a docto

Congenital depressed skull fracture in the absence of trauma: case report and literature review Zulma S Tovar-Spinoza, Peter D KimDepartment of Neurosurgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse NYAbstract: There are limited reports of neonatal depressed skull fractures in the absence of any known trauma or obvious risk factors. Here we describe a male neonate with a significant frontal. Congenital brain defects are abnormalities in the brain that are present at birth. There are many different types of these defects. They can vary greatly from mild to severe conditions. The brain. The skull deformity is not permanent and will resolve with time. Parietal bone compression has also been shown to occur from extrinsic pressure caused by uterine leiomyomas (, 33). A differential possibility for localized skull depression is compression applied during forceps delivery The most common treatment for congenital hydrocephaly is a shunt system. A surgeon will place a flexible plastic tube in the baby's brain to drain the extra fluid. The other end of the tube goes. Key Points. Craniocervical junction abnormalities are congenital or acquired abnormalities of the occipital bone, foramen magnum, or first two cervical vertebrae that decrease the space for the lower brain stem and cervical cord. Suspect a craniocervical junction abnormality if patients have pain in the neck or occiput plus neurologic deficits.

Primary or congenital Chiari malformations are caused by structural defects in the brain and spinal cord that occur during fetal development. The underlying cause of the structural defects are not completely understood, but may involve genetic mutations or lack of proper vitamins or nutrients in the maternal diet. Less frequently, Chiari malformation type 1 is acquired after birth A term male infant weighing 3460 g was delivered by vacuum extraction for fetal distress to a healthy 30 year old primagravida. Antenatal course was uneventful, and the baby was delivered in good condition (Apgar scores 9 and 10 at one and five minutes). A right parietal skull depression was noted clinically, separate from the site of ventouse application A Chiari malformation is a problem in which a part of the brain (the cerebellum) at the back of the skull bulges through a normal opening in the skull where it joins the spinal canal. This puts pressure on parts of the brain and spinal cord, and can cause mild to severe symptoms. In most cases, the problem is present at birth (congenital)

3. Few common anomalies arranged from the head to the toes and related terminologies The Skull • Craniosynostosis premature closure of one or more of the cranial sutures - deformity of the skull shape. primary (sporadic, isolated anomaly) or Secondary (occur as a part of metabolic or congenital disease). 4 Bipolar 2 disorder, severe, major depressive episode; H/o: meningitis; History of infection of the central nervous system; History of infectious disease of central nervous system; History of meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain); Severe bipolar ii disorder, most recent episode major depressive, in partial remission; Personal history of encephalitis; Personal history of meningiti Congenital muscular torticollis is the third most common congenital musculoskeletal anomaly after dislocation of the hip and clubfoot. When diagnosed early, it is obvious that it can be managed with good or excellent results. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the efficacy of surgery in neglected adult cases. From January 2003 to June 2007, 18 adult skeletally matured patients. UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and Immunology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hematology, Infectious Diseases, Nephrology and. This is the most common type. Part of the cerebellum dips down through the bottom of the skull. This type is most often congenital (also called primary CM), but is often not found until a child is a teen or young adult. In rare cases, this type may also develop later in life. This is known as acquired or secondary CM

Congenital skull indentation: A case report and review of

  1. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-231
  2. Congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. Cephalic is a term that means head or head end of the body. Congenital means the disorder is present at, and usually before, birth
  3. -skull depression or subcutaneous foreign body arise from the walls of the 4th ventricle in children and lateral ventricle in adults. ependymoma. rapid growing; develops in the posterior part of the vermis in children; rarely occurs in adults difference between congenital and acquired hydrocephalus. congenital- born with it acquired.

Arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid covered by arachnoidal cells and collagen that may develop between the surface of the brain and the cranial base or on the arachnoid membrane, one of the three meningeal layers that cover the brain and the spinal cord. Primary arachnoid cysts are a congenital disorder whereas secondary arachnoid cysts are the result of head injury or trauma An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder (present from birth) characterized by a complex, tangled web of arteries and veins in which there is a short circuit and high pressure due to arterial blood flowing rapidly in the veins. An AVM may occur in the brain, brainstem or spinal cord. The most common symptoms of an AVM.

Chiari decompression surgery removes bone at the back of the skull to widen the foramen magnum and create space for the brain. The dura overlying the herniated tonsils is opened and a patch is sewn to expand the space, similar to letting out the waistband on a pair of pants Congenital Malformations Registry - 1996 Report. Appendix 5. Glossary of Terms* Agenesis Absence of part(s) of the body.. Agenesis, aplasia, or hypoplasia of the lung The absence or incomplete development of a lung or lung tissue.. Anencephaly Congenital absence of the skull, with cerebral hemispheres completely missing or reduced to small masses attached to the base of the skull Adult Codes; Maternity Codes; Female Only Diagnosis Codes; Male Only Diagnosis Codes; Endogenous depression with psychotic symptoms; Major depressive disorder, recurrent, with psychotic features Congenital depressions in skull; Congenital hemifacial atrophy or hypertrophy; Deviation of nasal septum, congenital; Squashed or bent nose. The congenital failure of the palate to fuse properly, forming a grooved depression or fissure in the roof of the mouth. This defect varies in degree of severity. The fissure can extend into the hard and soft palate and into the nasal cavities. Infants with this condition have difficulty feeding, and may use assistive devices for feeding (e) Congenital anomalies of the ear and mastoid process that meet the criteria of section 41518.8. Section 41518.2 : Diseases of the Circulatory System (ICD-10 I00-I99) CCS applicants with at least one of the following conditions shall be medically eligible for participation in the CCS program

The bones of the skull of the newborn and nursing infants, in general, possess great malleability. For this reason, the depressed fractures occurring at this age are called Ping Pong or Green Stick fractures. The treatment of these fractures is surgical according to different authors, although some of these fractures that happen in childbirth can elevate themselves spontaneously According to research in the journal BMJ Case Reports , most congenital skull depressions from a birth injury spontaneously resolve in about 4 months. In other cases, a dent in the head requires treatment. For example, a person with a depressed skull fracture will need surgery. Can a brain tumors cause a dent in the skull Adult Echo Lab Medical Director . About the Program: The Adult Congenital Heart Disease Fellowship Program at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) is designed for those interested in a cardiovascular career specializing in the care of adults with congenital heart disease. The fellowship duration is two years

Dent in skull or Skull indentation: 10 Causes, Tips

  1. Chiari type I, the most common, affects both children and adults. Because the back of the skull is too small or deformed, a crowding of the brainstem, cerebellum, and tonsils occurs (Fig. 1). As the tonsils push out of the skull, they block CSF flow. Chiari I may cause a fluid-filled cyst (syrinx) in the spinal cord
  2. RESULTS: We identified 118 785 patients, 1164 with CHD. Overall, 18.2% (n = 212) of patients with CHD had a diagnosis or medication for anxiety or depression, compared with 5.2% (n = 6088) of those without CHD.All youth with CHD had significantly higher odds of anxiety and/or depression or ADHD. Children aged 4 to 9 years with simple CHD had ∼5 times higher odds (odds ratio: 5.23; 95%.
  3. Adult-onset GHD is always acquired. In both children and adults, the cause is not always known. Congenital GHD. Abnormalities in certain clusters of genes could predispose someone to GHD. The.
  4. ation revealed a dermoid cyst. Surgical intervention is the treatment of choice to remove this lesion. The objective of this study is to report the.
  5. Congenital hypothyroidism (CHT) is a condition resulting from an absent or under-developed thyroid gland (dysgenesis) or one that has developed but cannot make thyroid hormone because of a 'production line' problem (dyshormonogenesis). Babies with CHT cannot produce enough thyroid hormone for the body's needs

Medical Minute: Dents in Skull, Causes Sandra Ros

You've Got Small Dent In The Head? 5 New Causes, Diagnosis

The Texas Adult Congenital Heart Center's integrated network of specialized care providers, associated hospitals and shared technologies enable patients with congenital heart disease to receive outstanding care from birth to old age. At the age of 18 or older, patients have a seamless continuation of care from pediatrics to an adult setting Q67.4 is a valid billable ICD-10 diagnosis code for Other congenital deformities of skull, face and jaw . It is found in the 2021 version of the ICD-10 Clinical Modification (CM) and can be used in all HIPAA-covered transactions from Oct 01, 2020 - Sep 30, 2021 . Q67.4 is exempt from POA reporting ( Present On Admission)

Adult Airway 1mm of edema, the diameter will be 81% of normal. Poiseuille's law If radius is halved, resistance increases 16fold Resistance increases 3x in an adult and 16x in an infant. R = 8 n l r July 5, 2016 — More adults are living with congenital heart defects in the United States, creating the need for specialized health services and systems that track this medical condition across. Glossary of Birth Defects Terms. Agenesis Absence of part (s) of the body. Agenesis, aplasia, or hypoplasia of the lung The absence or incomplete development of a lung or lung tissue. Anencephaly Congenital absence of the skull, with cerebral hemispheres completely missing or reduced to small masses attached to the base of the skull Hearing loss is a partial or total inability to hear. Hearing loss may be present at birth or acquired at any time afterwards. Hearing loss may occur in one or both ears. In children, hearing problems can affect the ability to acquire spoken language, and in adults it can create difficulties with social interaction and at work. Hearing loss can be temporary or permanent excess accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, when cerebrospinal fluid stops draining, multiple causes - 25% congenital but can be acquired (problematic in adults because skull has finished growing, in infants it can cause rapid expansion of the skull because skull is malleable), 50% mortality rate if not treated surgically (can stop spontaneously), only a few cases in.

This disorder is not congenital, does not have a genetic basis and is usually not associated with raised intracranial pressure. Symptoms A characteristic skull deformity is noted where the frontal bone is depressed on the affected side giving the normal side a false appearance of a bulging forehead (See Unipolar depression in adults: Choosing treatment for resistant depression, The risks of congenital malformations and postnatal risks (including neonatal withdrawal or toxicity) due to antenatal exposure to benzodiazepines are discussed separately

Craniosynostosis and Craniofacial Disorders - Definitions

  1. Scanning of the amygdala might become one component of an MRI tool that would classify individuals with a family history of depression into high-risk and low-risk groups. Early identification of individuals at risk of depression, the leading cause of disability, would be a major step toward reducing the social burden of this disease
  2. Congenital craniofacial abnormalities are a group of defects caused by abnormal growth and/or development of the head and facial soft-tissue structures and/or bones. (See also Introduction to Congenital Craniofacial and Musculoskeletal Disorders .) Various craniofacial abnormalities (CFA) result from maldevelopment of the 1st and 2nd visceral.
  3. history, adults 40 and <65 years old who reported alterations in smell (OR: 1.64, p50.004) and adults 40 years old who reported alterations in taste (OR: 1.77, p50.001) were more likely to meet criteria for major depressive disorder. Conclusion: There is a strong association between major depression and alterations in smell and taste among certai
  4. Next: Physical. Causes. Benign skull tumors are sporadic in occurrence. However, specific syndromes involving skull tumors have been described. Gardner syndrome is the triad of the following: Multiple osteomas of the skull, sinus, and mandible. Soft tissue tumors of skin. Colon polyps
  5. NTDs result in malformations of the spine (spina bifida), skull, and brain (anencephaly). They are the most common major congenital malformations of the central nervous system and result from a failure of the neural tube to close at either the upper or lower end on days 21 to 28 after conception [131,132]

Dermoids and epidermoids are slow-growing benign cysts that typically occur in the scalp and the skull of infants and young children. These result from a part of the scalp, either the epidermis (top layer) or dermis (bottom layer), being misplaced underneath the scalp. This causes the formation of a small cyst filled with normal skin components Chiari malformation is a serious neurological disorder where the bottom part of the brain, the cerebellum, descends out of the skull and crowds the spinal cord, putting pressure on both the brain and spine and causing many symptoms, according to Conquer Chiari.Here are 31 problems people with Chiari malformation will definitely understand The risk is higher if family members developed depression early in life or experienced recurrent episodes of depression. Risk Factors for Depression Vary Having a genetic predisposition doesn't. Next: Pathophysiology. Epidemiology. Frequency. One of the most comprehensive series of bone tumors with classification originated from the Mayo Clinic. Of the 7975 patients in the series, 4% had tumors involving the skull (excluding the mandible, maxilla, and nasal cavity). Of these tumors, 19% were benign and 81% were malignant

The authors describe three cases of neonatal depressed skull fracture that were elevated by means of an obstetrical vacuum extractor. In one case, a transparent breast pump shield replaced the metal vacuum extractor cup, permitting direct observation as the depression was elevated Images were then skull stripped 34 and classified into grey matter, Dadashev A, Mazor‐Dray E, Lorber A, Nir A, Yalonetsky S, et al. Depression and anxiety are associated with high health care utilization and mortality among adults with congenital heart disease. Int J Cardiol

From Wernovsky G. Current insights regarding neurological and developmental abnormalities in children and young adults with complex congenital cardiac disease. Cardiol Young. 2006;16 Suppl 1:92-104 Congenital bowing manifests as posteromedial bowing with cortical thickening along the concavity of the curvature and, in some cases, diaphyseal broadening. In rickets, radiographic changes occur primarily at sites of rapid growth and are predominantly metaphyseal, with widening of the zone of provisional calcification Background: Due to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease (CHD), the number of adults who are surviving with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is constantly growing. Until recently, the psychological effects of CHD had been widely neglected. Current research provides evidence for an increased risk of emotional distress in ACHD Anencephaly Congenital absence of the skull, Cleft palate The congenital failure of the palate to fuse properly, forming a grooved depression or fissure in the roof of the mouth. This defect varies in degree of severity. There is an increased incidence of Alzheimer disease in adults with Down syndrome

A case report of significant congenital depressed skull

  1. Congenital paediatric, congenital adult, acute, or secondary chronic (post-infectious, post-trauma or post-haemorrhagic) hydrocephalus was differentiated from idiopathic adult hydrocephalus. Results The ancient period: the early findings of paediatric or adult congenital hydrocephalus (fifth century B.C.-800 A.D.
  2. Learn about microcephaly, a genetic abnormality that causes an abnormally small head. Microcephaly is also caused if the mother used drugs, alcohol, had an infection (Zika virus, German measles, chickenpox), was exposed to toxins, or suffered untreated PKU while she was pregnant. Learn about life expectancy, causes, diagnosis, and symptoms
  3. About Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center. The UPMC Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center is a joint program between UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute. We are located at UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and UPMC Presbyterian Shadyside. We provide long-term care for adolescents, young adults, maternal patients, and adults with congenital.

Hydrocephalus - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Refers to a disorder characterized by a flattening of the skull's back, which mostly affects infants. Brachycephaly, which is a form of Flat Head Syndrome, is a condition that consists of a flattening in the spot at the back of a baby's skull. Some people consider it a manifestation of a Congenital Ossification of Sutures (Craniosynostosis). It features the premature closing of both coronal. Fibrous dysplasia is a congenital (present at birth) condition that affects bone growth and development. Instead of maturing into solid bone, affected bones stay at the immature fibrous stage so are weak and misshapen. This page from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) explains the causes, symptoms and treatment of fibrous dysplasia In addition to intellectual and developmental disabilities, children with Down syndrome are at an increased risk for certain health problems. However, each individual with Down syndrome is different, and not every person will have serious health problems. Many of these associated conditions can be treated with medication, surgery, or other interventions ICD-9-CM 754.0 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 754.0 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes) Congenital heart disease (CHD) occurs in ∼1% of live births. 1 Of these, one-third present with critical CHD, defined as lesions requiring infant cardiac surgery or catheter-based intervention. Single ventricle physiology, the highest risk CHD group, typically require 3 reconstructive open-heart surgeries in the first years of life, with the third stage being the Fontan procedure. 2 Advances.

(Pdf) Congenital Depression of The Neonatal Skull: a

  1. Impaired brain development in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) is increasingly recognized to have in utero origins. 1-4 Members of our group have previously shown that fetuses with CHD exhibit disturbances in brain growth, cortical folding, and biochemistry in utero. 1,4 To complicate matters, a prenatal diagnosis of CHD increases.
  2. The Apert syndrome is a genetic disorder and it is congenital (present at birth). Only one in 65,000 to 88,000 babies is born with Apert syndrome. The disorder is characterized by the malformed skull, face, hands, and feet. The head is usually long, and the forehead is quite large
  3. Congenital Brain Defects: Definition Congenital brain defects are a group of disorders of brain development. Description Brain development begins shortly after conception and continues throughout the growth of a fetus. A complex genetic program coordinates the formation, growth, and migration of billions of neurons, or nerve cells, and their.
  4. Folic acid aids in the proper development of an unborn baby's brain, skull, and spinal cord, thereby avoiding congenital disabilities called neural tube defects. Folic acid is used to cure certain forms of anemia caused by a lack of folate by raising the red blood cell production in the body
  5. Depression was the main mental health problem seen in young adults in the present study, as it has also been in earlier studies (Myers & Pueschel, 1991, Collacott et al., 1992). Depression had been recognised mainly in people with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities
  6. C, Severe femoral epiphyseal hypoplasia in a young adult; coxa vara; sacral posterior clefting. D, Clefting of posterior processes of cervical spine in a young adult. E, Severe cervical kyphosis in a newborn. From Taybi H, Lachman RS: Radiology of syndromes, metabolic disorders, and skeletal dysplasias, ed 4, St. Louis, 1996, Mosby

For adults and pediatric patients, subsequent dosages may be increased in case of an inadequate response in 25 to 50 mg per day increments once a week, depending on tolerability, up to a maximum of 200 mg per day. Given the 24-hour elimination half-life of ZOLOFT, the recommended interval between dose changes is one week The size and persistence of these skull vault masses usually determine the need for surgery. As in other mass lesions of the scalp and cranial vault, surgery is indicated for: (a) diagnosis—due to concerns on the presence of a malignant tumor, (b) removal of a mass that interferes with the normal care of the infants, and (c) cosmesis due to the deformation they produce [8, 11, 15] Arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid covered by arachnoidal cells. They develop at the base of the skull, the surface of the brain, or on the arachnoid membrane. In rare cases, arachnoid cysts may also form on the spinal cord. Arachnoid cysts usually are located in the skull, brain, and rarely, in the spinal cord

Anencephalus and Catastrophic Congenital Abnormality or Disease. 7410. 11. Spina Bifida (Meningomyelocele) 7420. 14. Impaired Brain Growth (Secondary Diagnosis for HIV-0430) 7420. 14. Microcephaly (Secondary Diagnosis for HIV-0430) 7460. 04. Congenital Heart Disease. 7500. 05. Congenital Anomalies of Upper Alimentary Tract. 7530. 06. Congenital. Congenital GHD causes delays in growth, short stature, and other signs of slowed physical maturation. Although GHD does not directly affect intellectual ability, some children also may experience learning and other delays. In adults, symptoms of acquired GHD range from reduced energy levels to osteoporosis and impaired cardiac function

Q00-Q99 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities › Q65-Q79 Congenital malformations and deformations of the musculoskeletal system › Q67-Congenital musculoskeletal deformities of head, face, spine and chest › 2021 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Q67. Sleep Disorder Caused by Brain Malformation. A disease on the rise. A congenital defect known as the Arnold-Chiari malformation, which often is not discovered until a person is in their late 20s. Chiari malformation. A Chiari malformation, previously called an Arnold-Chiari malformation, is where the lower part of the brain pushes down into the spinal canal. There are 4 main types, but type 1, called Chiari I, is the most common. In someone with Chiari I, the lowest part of the back of the brain extends into the spinal canal

Craniosynostosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Congenital heart disease (congenital heart defect) is an abnormality in your heart's structure that you're born with. Although congenital heart disease is often considered a childhood condition, advances in surgical treatment mean most babies who once died of congenital heart disease survive well into adulthood Arachnoid cyst is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) filled sac, not tumors (not cancer), that is located on the arachnoid membrane that covers the brain (intracranial) and the spinal cord (spinal), one of the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord 1). Arachnoid cysts are benign, and the vast majority remain asymptomatic throughout life 2) Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 1 July 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 1 July 2021), ASHP (updated 30 June.

congenital depressions in skull QuickView - Correlation Engin

Cardiol Young. 2021 Jul 23:1-6. doi: 10.1017/S1047951121002766. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT. INTRODUCTION: Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) face a unique set of medical, psychological, and social challenges, and access to specialised adult congenital heart disease care has been associated with improved outcomes