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What was the population of Canada in 1940

Canada ranks 37th by population, comprising about 0.5% of the world's total, with over 38 million Canadians as of 2021. Being, however, the fourth-largest country by land area (second-largest by total area), the vast majority of the country is sparsely inhabited, with most of its population south of the 55th parallel north and more than half of Canadians live in just two provinces: Ontario and. From the time of European colonization until the mid-nineteenth century, the native population of Canada dropped from roughly 500,000 (some estimates put it as high as two million) to just over..

June 10 - World War II: Canada declares war against Italy June 13-18 - World War II: A small number of Canadian troops land in Brest, France but are forced to evacuate soon after June 21 - The National Resources Mobilization Act is passed; conscription is introduced, but only for homeland defenc Source: for 1867 to 1920, first edition of Historical Statistics of Canada, (for details of methods used and their limitations see p. 3); for 1921 to 1971, Statistics Canada, Population by Sex and Age, 1921-1971, revised annual estimates of population, Canada and the provinces, (Catalogue 91-512); for 1972 to 1977, Statistics Canada, Estimates of Population for Canada and the Provinces, June 1.

Chapter Three: 1911 – 1930 | VSB Archives & Heritage

Canada Population 1950-2021. Chart and table of Canada population from 1950 to 2021. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. The current population of Canada in 2021 is 38,067,903, a 0.86% increase from 2020. The population of Canada in 2020 was 37,742,154, a 0.89% increase from 2019 Population of the state, urban and rural, from the earliest census to 1940. Population of cities of 10,000 or more from earliest census to 1940. Area and population of counties, urban and rural: 1920 to 1940. Population of counties by minor civil divisions: 1920 to 1940. Population of incorporated places: 1940 and 1930 Canada's contributions to these wars, as well as WW1 and WW2, remain out of proportion to its comparatively small population and small military. 21. John says: 27 Mar 2011 10:25:10 AM My father Henry Chartrand was in 1st Canadian Div Defence.& for some of the time Lorne Scot, joined as volunteer1941,travelled to England 1942-1943 left June 1943. Population growth continued to be slow through the First World War, Great Depression and Second World War, following which growth rates began to increase again. Today, Canada's population growth is dependent on international migration. As of the 2016 census, Canada's population was nearly 35.2 million (35,151,728)

World War II -- Canada Canadian industry

Population of Canada - Wikipedi

Population growth in Canada: From 1851 to 2061 Census in Brief No. 1 Two factors are behind population growth: natural increase and migratory increase. Natural increase is the difference between the number of births and deaths during a given period. This is how any population is replenished in the absence of migration 1940 Census Forms. The 1940 census questionnaire was printed on 23 3/4 x 12 1/2 paper. These double sided forms provided space for 40 entries on each side plus two additional lines for the 5% sample questions. The reverse side was identical except that lines were numbered 41 to 80, and the sample-line numbers were different 1940 Canadian-American biochemist Martin Kamen discovered carbon-14, an isotope of carbon later used to date archaeological object. The census reported the population of Canada as 11,506,000. December 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbour, bringing the US into the Second World War Population of Japan 1800-2020. Published by Aaron O'Neill , Oct 8, 2020. In 1800, the population of Japan was just over 30 million, a figure which would grow by just two million in the first half. Population of greater cities, 1941 compared with 1931; Post offices in operation, by province and territory, as at March 31, 1941 to 1946; Presumed permanent movement of population between Canada and the United States, years ended June 30, 1935 to 1946; Principal items of expenditures, years ended March 31, 1930 to 194

Population of Canada 1800-2020 Statist

  1. What was the population of Poland in 1940? Population. Between 1939 and 1949, the population of Poland underwent two major changes. The deaths, emigration, and geopolitical adjustments resulting from World War II reduced the 1939 population of about 35 million to about 24 million by 1946
  2. Summary. A life table for the Jewish population of Canada, based upon their mortality experience during 1940-2, yielded an average length of life (expectation of life at birth) of 67-53 years for males and 69·89 years for females
  3. 1.2 Historical Demography of Canada, 1608-1921 Lisa Dillon, Département de démographie, Université de Montréal. Sustained settlement of Canada by Europeans began in the St. Lawrence Valley, where the colony named le Canada stretched over 500 km from Quebec City to present-day Montreal. [1] From its founding in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, the colony grew modestly until 1663, when.

5,000,000. Source: Worldometer ( www.Worldometers.info) From 1950 to current year: elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision Canada - 1980. Population: 24,416,885. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 24,416,885 Population A Brief History of Canada. 1930 to 1959. 1930. Conservatives Richard Bennett won the federal election to become prime minister. (read Bennett's biography) . PM Richard Bennett allocated $20 million to aid the unemployed during the depression and initiated preferential tariffs in order to strengthen Canada's trade, but the export market continued to slump.. Jean de Brébeuf, among other Jesuit. Current Population. According to Statistics Canada, approximately 799,010 people, or 3 per cent of Canada's population, identified themselves as having an Aboriginal identity in 1996. Ten years later, the census reported 1,172,790 people, or 4 per cent of the population Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Winnipeg, Canada metro area from 1950 to 2021. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The current metro area population of Winnipeg in 2021 is 825,000, a 0.98% increase from 2020

Canada Census. A census is a count and description of the population. Censuses have been taken by the colonial, provincial, and national governments of Canada for a variety of reasons, including taxation and levying for militia service. Census records can provide family relationships, age, year of birth, description of property, religion, and. The National Archives released for the first time yesterday individual records from the 1940 Census - unleashing an online treasure trove of 3.8 million pages eagerly awaited by genealogists and researchers. The country has changed substantially in 72 years: Its population has ballooned to nearly 309 million from 132 million Since most sources for that time period are still subject to access or privacy restrictions under Canadian legislation, Statistics Canada's National Registration File of 1940 is an alternative to census records that can provide you with some answers. This very valuable source for genealogists and family historians is the result of the. This created a backlash from the previously settled population, though the end of the war eased hostilities. After 1918, some 50 families had emigrated to Canada, settling first in Alberta and Manitoba, then in Saskatchewan. By 1940, there were 52 colonies in Canada

1940 in Canada - Wikipedi

  1. The Reproductivity of Jews in Canada, 1940-1942 BY MORTIMER SPIEGELMAN Studies of population characteristics of Jews in North America are necessarily fragmentary because neither the census nor the vital statistics reports of the United States, where their number is concentrated, include information on ethnic classifica
  2. Zone operations are made directly in the full article text panel located to the left. Tables. Loading article contents, please wait... son) yesterday. Males exceeded fe-. males by 71,043. was 17,589. POPULATION OF AUSTRALIA (1940, July 26). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), p
  3. CANADA. Year. Prison population total. Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population) 1916 1920 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1982-83 1986-87 1990-91 1995-96 2000-01. 5,459 6,004 11,223 10,550 12,951 11,334 16,012 18,048 20,628 24,179 22,329 20,009 23,560 27,406 30,906 33,527 38,548 35,533. 68 70 110 97 114.

Toronto of the 1940s. Toronto of the 1940s was place defined by war and its aftermath. Many of these images reveal the effort taking place at home and overseas, whether it be people shopping with. 1940 Census: Census Data for the year: TOTAL POPULATION: 634,536: 100.0%: 1930 Total population: 634,394 : 1920 Total population: 506,676 : 1910 Total population

Historical statistics of Canada: Section A: Population and

Original data: Netherlands, Census and Population Registers, 1645-1940. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. About Netherlands, Census and Population Registers, 1645-1940. This collection includes census and population register records from the Netherlands During the first decade of the 20th century, the largest wave of Polish refugees immigrated to Canada, and by 1910, Poles represented 0.5 percent of the Canadian population. 1870 - 1899 Jewish Refugees in the Late 19th Centur The expulsion of the British from the Continent and the fall of France in the spring of 1940 totally changed the circumstances. Canada's overseas allies had fallen or were in danger of doing so, and the country immediately concluded an agreement at Ogdensburg, New York, with the United States for the defense of North America.Moreover, Canada now stood in the forefront of the war English-speaking people, probably 7,000,000 of these in Canada. By the end of the present decade, 6 years hence, their population will be close to 97.000,000—6,000,000 of these in Canada. The Republic added to her numbers the past 14 years more t h a n the total population of Australasia, or than that of Canada, the immigration having been.

Canada Population 1950-2021 MacroTrend

Biraben, Jean-Noel, 1980, An Essay Concerning Mankind's Evolution, Population, Selected Papers, December, table 2. Durand, John D., 1974, Historical Estimates of. In 1940, this was a very remote part of populated Canada. Unlike most airfields which are located fairly close to their namesake towns, the Dafoe base was situated more than 20 kilometers from the town itself

WW2 Germany Population, Statistics, and Numbers that includes unit losses and demographics (age, sex, religion) German Population 1940: includes Austria, Memelland, Sudetenland, and Poland. 89,600,000+ Gender and Age; German Men in 1939: 38,900,000+ German Men age 15-65 in 1939 island on an ice bridge from Canada in 1940. Disease has also influenced the wolf population. Between 1980 and 1982, the wolf population declined from 50 to 14 due to canine parvovirus. 1. What was the greatest wolf population? What year did that occur? 2. What was the wolf population when the moose population was the greatest? 3 Historically, Canada's population has been approximately 10 percent of America's. Using the 1948 as an example, the mintage would be comparable to a U.S. silver dollar having a figure of 187,780 ulation numbered 50.7 million-two and one-half times the size of the 1940 population of 20.2 million-and was growing at a rate of more than 3.5 percent per year as a result of a sustained high birth rate and a greatly diminished death rate. Since the early 1970s fertility has declined sharply, in chronologica

Canada's Population: 36.9 million (2017) Number of Households: 14.1 million (2016 census) Size of Canada: 9,984,670 sq. km, 3,855,103 sq. mi. Annual Births: 389,912 (2017) Immigration to Canada: 320,932 new permanent residents (2016) Canadian Life Expectancy - Older Canadians expected to live to just 60 During the population decline and low, the car ibou often exhibited winter range volatility (i.e., frequent, unpredictable interannual range shifts). On the basis of Inuit descrip tions of caribou abundance, we estimated that the population as a whole decreased an average of 9% annually from 1910 to 1940, an Greek Population Plummets at Similar Rates to 1940's. The shocking impact that the financial crisis has had upon the Greek population is underlined in the latest weekly bulletin from the Hellenic Business Association (SEV), published on Thursday. According to data published by the association, births in Greece decreased by 29,380 during the. No.1411.Population:1900to1998 [In thousands, except percent. Estimates as of July 1. Prior to 1940, excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Total population includes Armed Forces abroad; civilian population excludes Armed Forces. For basis of estimates, see text, Section 1, Population] Year Total Resident Civilian Popula-tion Net change 1 Percent change 1.

Census Records is a leading source for all U.S. census records from 1790 to 1940. Most family historians find census records to be an essential part of their online research and the team at CensusRecords.com strives to be the destination of choice when searching U.S. census records online George VI (1937 - 1952) Elizabeth II (1953 - 2011) 20 Cents. Mint State (1858) Specimen (1858) 25 Cents. Mint State. Victoria (1870 - 1901) Edward VII (1902 - 1910

POPULATION GROWTH AND DISTRIBUTION IN MICHIGAN. From 1810 to 1940 the population of southern Michigan (hereafter designated as Lower Michigan) increased from five thousand to five million persons. As such changes go, this is a rather amazing rate of increase Canada reorganized its overseas immigration offices in the 1960s in response to changing demand. Britain and Europe were much more prosperous in 1955-70 than in 1945-55 so applications to immigrate were declining, and there were many more demands.

Not until 1940 did Mexico reach the population level it had in 1519. Although the population growth between 1910 and 1940 appeared relatively modest in absolute numbers, the seeds were sown for a spectacular increase over the next thirty years. Because of advances in preventive medicine and the gradual control of diseases such as yellow fever. Research expert covering historical data. Get in touch with us now. , Sep 9, 2020. In 1800, the territory of modern-day Saudi Arabia had a population of just over two million people. This figure. The population of the census divisions and municipal units (cities, towns, municipalities, etc.) of Newfoundland and Labrador according to official estimates. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, country of birth, mother tongue) The population of the counties and municipal units (cities, towns, parishes, etc.) of New Brunswick according to official estimates. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, country of birth, mother tongue). Name

Europe Map 1940. At Europe Map 1940 pagepage, view political map of Europe, physical map, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Europe location in World map. Content Detail Quebec is Canada's second largest province and the only one of Canada's provinces with a French-speaking majority. It is home to Canada's longest-established Jewish community. In 2013, it has a Jewish population of approximately 91,000, making it the second largest Jewish community in the country. - Early History Canada is home to three cities over one million residents, 51 cities of between 100,000 and one million and 235 with populations of 10,000 to 100,000. With plenty of cities and towns home to even less, it's in these smaller locations that visitors can experience the genuine hospitality and true joy of the Canadian lifestyle

1940 Census of Population: Volume 1

  1. A census is a statistical count of the population of a country taken for the purpose of accurate government representation, tax collection and military purposes. The first complete census in England was conducted in 1086 under William the Conqueror who was the first Norman King of England. As the new king, he wanted an accounting of land owners who held lands belonging to the crown along with.
  2. The population of Canada increased every year since Confederation in 1867. The first national census of the country was taken in 1871, and it covered the four provinces which were part of Canada at the time. It recorded a population of 1,620,851 in Ontario, 1,191,516 in Quebec, 387,800 in Nova Scotia and 285,594 in New Brunswick The population of each of these provinces continued to grow every.
  3. 1940 Census: Census Data for the year: TOTAL POPULATION: 85,547: 100.0%: 1930 Total population: 82,109 : 1920 Total population: 56,036 : 1910 Total population
  4. what was the population of Canada. Wiki User. 2014-12-07 12:37:16. This answer is
Edmonton Canada

The last major wave of Canadian immigration to the United States occurred between 1940 and 1990, after which Canadian immigration to the United States steadily declined. Immigration Before 1776 Exploration and colonization of the Americas and the region later known as Canada was undertaken by both French- and English-sponsored sea captains and. Population has increased by more than 130 percent since the 1940 Census was taken. Looking at the rate of death, you find that heart disease, which killed 292.5 people per 100,000 in the 1930s. This huge movement is noted as The Great Migration. It increased the population of Canada from 500,000 in 1812 to 2.5 million by 1851. At that time, the population of Ontario was 952,000; Quebec was 890,000; Maritime was 550,000. Most of them spoke in English, made English first language in Canada Population estimates for Calgary, Canada, 1950-2015. Below are estimates for the population of Calgary, Canada for five year periods between 1950-2015. Other population data is available at population.mongabay.com including the world's largest cities

Canada in World War II World War II Databas

1 cent 1940 - Die clash under 1 cent. Dot36. #1310. 1 cent 1940 - Die crack and clash at the top of the reverse. lamothe. #2398. 1 cent 1940 - Die crack on Canada. Rick Stachowski Susan Munroe. Updated July 03, 2019. The prime minister of Canada heads the government of Canada and serves as the primary minister of the sovereign, in this case, the monarch of the United Kingdom. Sir John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister since Canadian Confederation and assumed office on July 1, 1867 The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and has been taken every ten years since. However, data from recent censuses are not available after 1940 because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census. Most researchers find it most helpful to begin with the 1940 Census and work. Canada - 2020. Population: 37,742,157. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 37,742,157 Population

Population of Canada The Canadian Encyclopedi

  1. The Northern Halfbreed Association was founded in northern Manitoba in the 1930s to alleviate Métis poverty. In 1940, the Métis Association of Alberta was founded, and in the 1940s, the Saskatchewan government provided funding for the Saskatchewan Métis Society (originally founded in 1935 as the Half-breeds of Saskatchewan)
  2. Canada is far from eradicating TB, even within the Canadian-born nonaboriginal population. Eradication cannot be achieved in isolation; worldwide TB remains the largest cause of death from a single agent among those aged 15 to 49. 21 And the full impact of drug resistance, AIDS 22 and perhaps other biological, societal and environmental.
  3. Census of Canada. Canada's Census Program provides a statistical portrait of the country every five years through the Census of Population and Census of Agriculture. The Census of Population provides demographic and social information vital for planning services including child care, schooling, family services and skills training for employment
  4. In 1940 the life expectancy was 68.2 for females and 60.8 for males. America was still struggling to emerge from a depression that had already stretched to a full decade. You were born into a home where the approximate income was $1,900.00. The average cost of a house in 1940 was $6,550.00. Following are some interesting facts about your birth.
  5. The National Archives have made 1940 Census records available online through the 1940 Census website.This site is set up for browsing by location. While you can browse by street name, many streets are long and will show you large numbers of results, so in order to find Census schedules for a small area of interest, it is most efficient to find the enumeration district number first
  6. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940 Updated 9 October 2014 *The Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940, (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595) are indexed and available online at Ancestry.com and Fold3.com. Prior to digitization, these records were only available via microfilm publication M595. Use the online Microfilm Catalog to learn which NARA units have copies of thi
  7. 1940 U.S. Census index—for FREE. Discover life in the '40s. Almost 9 out of 10 Americans have a relative in the 1940 Census. Simply start by entering a name and see who you can discover, right now. Start by entering a name and see who you can find

This article in the Census in Brief series shows the recent evolution of the bilingualism rate in Canada, the provinces and the territories. It also illustrates the changes in the bilingual population within different regions and mother tongue groups between 2011 and 2016. It focuses on the bilingualism rate of school-age Canadians whose mother tongue is English and who live outside of Quebec Edmonton's population has grown from 148 people in 1878 to 972,223 Statistics Canada 1940 91,723 Municipal census 1939 90,419 Municipal census 1938 88,887 Municipal census 1937 87,034 Municipal census 1936 85,470 Municipal census.

Canada City Population History: Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto

The Immigrant Population in Canada. As of 2008, 6,471,900 foreign-born permanent residents lived in Canada, representing just over 20 percent of the total population — the highest proportion since 1931. Comparatively, the corresponding proportion of immigrants in the United States in 2009 was 12.5 percent of the total population Wolves first arrived at the island on an ice bridge from Canada in 1940. Disease has also influenced the wolf population. Between 1980 and 1982, the wolf population declined from 50 to 14, due to canine parvovirus Canadian colonization agents at the seaports of Hamburg and Bremen recruited Poles, Germans, Ukrainians, and Austro-Hungarians. 1900s: The early 1900s were the peak of U.S. immigration to Canada. 1931: The 1931 census showed 1,300,000 U.S.-born residents settled throughout Canada: over 12 percent of the population This 1940 State Farm Road Atlas was designed by and published exclusively for distribution by the Travel Bureau of the State Farm Insurance Companies Atlas is bound in beige card board 40x30 1/2 printed with title State farm road atlas: United States, Canada, Mexico, South America, Central America. 124 p. including 89 maps

Toronto of the 1940s

Generations in Canada - Statistics Canada: Canada's

Population of Country by States. Sept. 22, 1940. Credit... The New York Times Archives. See the article in its original context from. September 22, 1940, Page 45 Buy Reprints Bar chart of the reported tuberculosis incidence rate per 100,000 population in Canada for the year 2012, comparing males and females across the following age groups: less 1 year of age, between 1 and 4 years of age, between 5 and 14 years of age, between 15 and 24 years of age, between 25 and 34 years of age, between 35 and 44 years of age. Share of total population: 20%. Canada. About 6.2 million foreign-born persons resided in Canada, according to the 2006 Canadian Census of Population. They accounted for 19.8 percent of the total country population of 31.2 million (compared to 18.4 percent in 2001) The peak population of Buffalo was in 1950, when its population was 580,132. In 1950, Buffalo was the 15th largest city in the US; now its fallen to the 86th largest city in the US. Buffalo is currently 56.0% smaller than it was in 1950

Stavely - WikipediaSummary: Estimates of HIV incidence, prevalence and

  1. Retirement age population as a percentage of the total population was taken from U.S. Census Bureau data. The size of the 70+ population in 1940 was estimated, 2% of the population was age 75+ in 1940 and 7% was age 65+. The size of the 62+ population in 2000 was also estimated, 13% of the population is age 65+ in 2000 and 17% is age 60+
  2. Population of Scandinavia. In 1749 Sweden began as the first country in the world to keep reliable records of its population. The figures for Sweden after that year are exact but for the earlier years are they just estimates that gets more uncertain the further back in time they are. 1940 1950 1960 1970: 6.142 6.371 7.042 7.498 8.081: 3.463.
  3. ary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at 30 September 2009 was 22,065,671 persons.This was an increase of 451,900 persons (2.1%) since 30 September 2008 and 110,400 persons since 30 June 2009
  4. The Canadian novelist Hugh McLennan, writing in the 1940's, spoke of the two solitudes which in many ways govern the cultural and political life of Canada. Two communities, distinguished by language, culture, religion, and politics live in isolation from each other with divergent aspirations and very divergent views of the history of Canada as.
  5. Language details for Caesarea. All Cities; Canada; Ontario; Caesarea; Source: Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-591-XWE. Ottawa. Released March 13 2007 and Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012.This data is an unofficial version of the materials, made without affiliation or endorsement of Statistics Canada
  6. Average age of the population in Germany 2011-2019, by citizenship Number of children under 14 in Germany 1991-2019 Share of the German population aged 15-64 1991-201
  7. Over the years the population continued to grow with 645 Muslims recorded in Canada in 1931. After 1965 there was a boom that saw the population grow to 33,000 by 1971. Today there are more than.
Illustrated Timeline of Metis Collective Rights

1940 Federal General Election - Library and Archives Canad

This snapshot of Carmen Lydia Rodríguez Nieves's life was captured by the 1940 U.S. Census. Carmen Lydia Rodríguez Nieves was born about 1931. In 1940, she was 9 years old and lived in Pueblo, Puerto Rico Newfoundland Population Growth. Despite the aging population, Newfoundland is a thriving business center. Today, its GDP has grown to $28.1 billion. This is high growth when you look back to a figure of $25.0 billion in 2009. The GDP of Newfoundland is now higher than Canada's national average 1973. Canada, the United States, Denmark, Norway and the former USSR signed the International Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears and their Habitat, strictly regulating commercial hunting.. The US Government classified the Polar Bear under its Endangered Species Act (ESA)

1940 Census, General Information National Archive

This snapshot of Juan Ongay Orama's life was captured by the 1940 U.S. Census. When Juan Ongay Orama was born about 1933, his father, Rafael, was 27 and his mother, Mencia, was 31. In 1940, he was 7 years old and lived in Rio Abajo, Puerto Rico, with his father, mother, brother, and 5 sisters See the article in its original context from September 23, 1940, Section O, Page 17 Buy Reprints View on timesmachine TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers

1940s: Time Line - Vancouver Island University, Canad

Immigration is the cause of population increase and demographic renewal in Greece in the period between the 1991 and 2001 censuses. The average number of children per woman in Greece has fallen to 1.3, against a European average of 1.5, and well below the average of 2.1 required for the reproduction of a population What is apparent is that the global population of polar bears has not declined over the last 30 years, as the PBSG status tables indicate. Although it's true that the official estimates for 2005 and 2009 publicized by the PBSG (20,000-25,000) also indicated no recent change, the numbers listed on their status tables don't tell the same story The population of Phnom Penh, for example, increased from 393,995 in 1962 to about 1.2 million in 1971, but had decreased to about 500,000 by 1985. With their takeover in April 1975, the Khmer Rouge forced most of the population out of Phnom Penh into the countryside, where large numbers either died because of hardship or were executed

The Conscription Crisis of 1917: Changing Canada