How to compact soil for pavers

Step 1: Enter Zip Code. Step 2: Describe Project. Step 3: Get Quotes From Paving Pros. Compare Bids To Get The Best Price For Your Paving Stones Installation Project Compaction takes place only after the pavers have been laid, at the time of settlement. Place the pavers on the laying layer against each other, providing a small joint. Avoid puddles of water on the pavement by laying the pavers with an inclination of 1 to 2 cm per meter To prevent damage to your pavers, use a piece of rubber or use a compaction plate with a heavy duty rubber mat attached to the bottom. Running the compaction plate across the top of your pavers will help solidify your hard work. This will send vibrations down through the pavers into the ground beneath working them into a firm foundation Avoid high-spots or valleys, reworking them if need be in order to get a flat surface. Step 4 - Place Pavers in Position and Compact Place chosen paving stones or blocks in the desired position, on top of the freshly prepared sand. When satisfied, run the compactor over them to bed them into the surface Pour the initial material no more than 2 inches at a time, and turn on the plate compactor. Drive a rebar into the sub-base with a mark after every inch. Once that level is compacted, add more material and repeat the process. Compress the sub-base by 30% for your pavers and patios

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Compact sand on the soil. Remove soil to clay base. Compact sand on the soil. Compact road base over the clay. Relevel the sand. Lay washed quartz bedding sand and level, about 10mm above desired finished level. Lay pavers. Yep got that right. Run whacker over pavers again. Spread pave lock or similar over pavers To prevent sinking, you must prepare a solid base for the pavers to sit on with good drainage qualities or install a drainage system. This solid base can be achieved by installing a 4 inch base of compacted aggregate or concrete. How wide should a walkway be? Your walkway should be as wide as it needs to be to comfortably navigate Soil settling is a primary cause of cracks in a concrete slab. Soil compaction increases the density of the soil, making it less prone to moisture and settling. To compact soil correctly for a concrete slab may involve numerous passes with a tamping machine and testing the soil's density before pouring the concrete Sand Bedding Before laying the pavers, a layer of bedding sand is placed over the compacted base material. This layer provides a bed into which the pavers are set. The sand bedding also helps to protect the sand joints from being eroded away. Lay down one inch diameter PVC pipe across the bass material How To Compact Soil Using Water. This includes pavers and support blocks for patios. In some climates, massive differences between winter and summer precipitation can cause the soil to expand and shrink throughout the year. Irrigating in the summer helps the soil maintain and regain its structure, preventing foundation damage

How to Compact Pavers without Plate Compactor Step By

How to compact sand and dirt in preparation for pavers

How to prepare for laying pavers. Laying pavers preparation. Full video https://lowesvideo.com/course/41 Started on a concrete paver project you want to care.. Easy DIY - how to build your own tamper to compact sand / gravel / soil for paver stones, deck, or garden areas. You need: a plank of scrap wood, 2 long zip ties, one long handled heavy tool, and a power drill to put 4 holes in your scrap wood. Run zips through the holes and attach to the head of your sledge hammer, axe, etc. Check for tightness Soil compaction is an impeccable technique for your gardening, or farming, projects. It ensures that your crops are less susceptible to erosion. Nonetheless, you will have to beware of the impacts to intense soil compaction. Soil compaction is necessary for contact between plant roots, or seeds, and the soil For the first steps in a paver project, compacting the excavated subgrade and then the gravel base, ICPI recommends a 7,000-pound plate compactor, likely a reversible. You could get away with a 5,000-pound machine, but it will take a lot longer, Bowers points out. After laying the pavers, you need to compact them

How deep to dig depends on your paver project. The depth of the excavation depends on two things: 1) Soil type - Clay soil requires deeper excavation, while sandy soil requires less. 2) The load weight of your structure - heavy loads like driveways and retaining walls require deeper excavation, and lighter loads like patios and walkways. Garden Q&A with the University of Maryland Extension's Ellen Nibali on a growing moss between pavers and avoiding compacting soil in garden beds while weeding

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When compacting clay soils, you would want to use a rammer or a vibrating Sheepsfoot as they provide excellent compaction for clay soil. A rammer is good for small and tight access areas, especially for small trenches for walls. Whereas a vibrating Sheepsfoot is best for larger areas. Both of these action provide an impact method of compaction Soil compaction is defined as the method of mechanically increasing the density of soil. In construction, this is a significant part of the building process. If performed improperly, settlement of the soil could occur and result in unnecessary maintenance costs or structur

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Compacting a Base for Pavers - Bartell Globa

  1. A traditional base for a paver or stone patio is a 6-inch-deep layer of compacted gravel. For a typical 10 x 12-foot patio, that means carting away about 2-1/2 tons of soil, and hauling in the same amount of gravel. But there's an easier way. Let plastic panels take the place of the gravel base
  2. Wacker plates or vibrating plates are ideal for compacting soil, sand and/or loose gravel in order to create a sold compact base for a number of DIY projects such as a shed or greenhouse base, a new pathway or driveway or a garden pond. Lay each paver on the soil, butted up to the adjoining pavers. Tap the paver with a rubber mallet to.
  3. Just so, do you run a compactor over pavers? Compactors are used to settle and compact the base for laying pavers on a patio or sidewalk, and to level the pavers and settle sand between the joints after they are laid. A vibrating plate compactor is best for installing pavers.. Beside above, do you need to tamp sand for pavers? Apply sand on top of the gravel layer to the depth of at least 2.

Do You Need a Plate Compactor for Pavers and Patios

Put dow 4 to 6 of garavel and compact it. Put down a 1 sand setting bed and level it. Set the interlocking pavers close together. Install an edge retainer. Spread fine sand over the pavers and vibrate it into the joints with a plate vibrator (rentable). Sweep clean A plate compactor rented from the home and garden shop is good for leveling pavers and compacting soil and base (if you use one.) Get a minimum 5,000 lb (22 km N) machine and use ear plugs while operating You are trying to compact the sand, stone dust, or crusher run under the pavers, so why put a stone between the compacter and the sand? In a large scale operation like building a road, compaction is typically measured using a nuclear density meter, but of course the average homeowner building a walkway or even a driveway is not going to use. Thanks for responding. I will be laying antique road pavers (4x9x3-3/4) on 1 non-compacted sand base, 8-10 compacted gravel beneath that. The patio will be against existing concrete driveway on 2 sides and I really want to get the elevations to match but its one of those things where I won't know if it is right until all pavers are laid and compacted which is why I'm asking ahead of time!!

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3. Not compacting the base. Before laying bedding sand or pavers, your gravel base needs to be flat and firm, without any bellies or rises of more than 1/8″. You accomplish this kind of precision by properly compacting your base and your pavers. If you fail to compact, you'll experience sunken or raised pavers Some people want to keep their grounds simple by just compacting the soil with a hand compactor. The disadvantage of hand tampers it is not useful for professional construction. When you have to use a plate compactor to make sand, even then, you take some steps to remove rocks or, by using a hand tamper tool, make the area even as much as possible Soil compaction is an impeccable technique for your gardening, or farming, projects. It ensures that your crops are less susceptible to erosion. Nonetheless, you will have to beware of the impacts to intense soil compaction. Soil compaction is necessary for contact between plant roots, or seeds, and the soil Not compacting the base Before laying bedding sand or pavers, your gravel base needs to be flat and firm, without any bellies or rises of more than 1/8″. If you fail to compact, you'll experience sunken or raised pavers

Remove enough soil to allow for compacted aggregate base, about 1 of coarse sand and the thickness of the paver. Don't forget to pitch the deck. Continue the excavation at least 6 past the end of the deck. Some people mix cement into the existing soil to make a base in lieu of compacted aggregate. 4 Mechanical compaction should be used when laying pavers for vehicle traffic areas. 2. Spread Sand. Now you must establish your final level. To do this simply lay two runner boards (timber or metal) on level sand and use a spirit level and the notched screed board to ensure they are level Then pour in clean stone dirt to compact the gravel. Gravel alone has lots of spaces between them and this will provide a shaky foundation for pavers and they may not last long. Clean stone dirt means one void of vegetation, plant seeds, and soil. Then pound the ground using a hand tamper for a more compact foundation. 8. Put down geotextile fabri Make the bed for placing the brick pavers. It is time to load crushed stone 0-3/4 for making the paver base. Depending on the depth of your excavation, fill 15 of crushed stone 0-3/4. Compact the material. Tighten a string between each paver side to take the line level. Take the level using a line level available in all good hardware

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  1. e Patio Location. 1.2 Step 2: Measure and String Area. 1.3 Step 3: Dig Down. 1.4 Step 4: Tamper Dirt. 1.5 Step 4: Get Gravel and Lay Gravel. 1.6 Step 5: Tamper Gravel. 1.7 Step 6
  2. Using a tool like a hand tamper, you want to pound over the exposed soil so that the ground is tightly compacted and level. The more force you can apply, the better. The more compacted your fill dirt is, the more stable it will be for the patio pavers
  3. If the pavers are loose when you are compacting them, then they may become uneven. When you are compacting the material and pavers, always try to go in different directions or patterns. Be sure to use a protective covering, such as a heavy gunnysack, over your plate compactor when you compress the pavers in order to avoid scuffing

Do you need a plate compactor for pavers

volume of earth is disturbed. Unless you are confident that the soil has been properly back-filled and compacted in lifts, it may be advisable to wait 6 months or longer for the soil around the pool to settle naturally. ** For permeable pavement information see page 14. Tip: Since the string lines must be removed in order to compact th Compacting the soil - The next step is to compact the soil. This is best done with a compactor and depends on the type of soil. If the soil in the area is clay, the best result is obtained by using a roller or a rammer but if the soil is sandy, a vibraplate often provide good results Compacting - Once the pavers are in place, the final. Pavers, flagstone or a Compact subgrade. This step ensures that the exposed soil is compacted to at least 95% or higher if the surface is to accommodate vehicular traffic. This is doubly important where the building pad is elevated or composed of cut and fill because there can be loose layers deeper down that can settle later on causing a. Step 4: Compact the dirt. After you are done leveling the whole area where you aim to lay patio pavers, put another thin layer of fill dirt. Make sure to pound over the exposed soil with a hand tamper so that you can compact and level the land tightly. The more you will apply the force, the better it will be

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To calculate the sand depth, subtract the thickness of your pavers from 4-1/2 inches. Make a second screed by notching a long 2x6 to the depth of the pavers, then level the sand. If the top of the frame was set at the appropriate slope, the sand will be at the right slope too. adding pavers to patio 4.5 Christa C. Indianapolis, IN. 5/17/2021. Install Brick or Stone Driveways & Floors. Had an old cement driveway removed and new driveway with pavers installed. It was quite a job of labor. Project took a little longer than anticipated, mostly due to outside contractors, such as dumpster deliver and removal, etc., but the finished project and. Whether you find concrete or soil between your pavers, a sub-base layer is still recommended for optimal drainage and performance. Laying and compacting sub-base in between pavers is tricky: Generally, a plate compactor will not fit between the pavers, while a hand tamp will not give you a sufficient degree of compaction Most pavers are 3- to 3 1/2-inches thick. This excavation will allow for a base material of about 5 inches to be placed at the bottom of the excavated trench. Once you have completed your dig, compact the soil and begin laying the gravel. Wetting the gravel lightly with water will help compact it as you put it into the site 1 Mark out the levels for the road base. Take your rake and level the area you want to pave. We're using an existing concrete verandah as a reference point. Mark this level along the wall to show the level the road base fill needs to come to. Take width by length by depth measurements and work out the volume of road base you need to fill the area

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COMPACT THE PAVERS For smaller areas use a rubber mallet to compact. For larger areas use a plate compactor, available from most hire centres. However, do not use a plate compactor on large paving or flagstones as it could cause them to break. Courtyard Flagstones, Grass Pavers and Gobi Blocks should also be compacte Mistake 3: Ignoring the Soil. Before you install pavers, it's important to consider the native soil of Vero Beach, FL, you will be installing the pavers upon. Some types of soil are loose and grainy, while some are naturally clay-like and more compact. The type of soil your pool is located in will determine how thoroughly you need to compact. After compacting the soil, lay geotextile fabric to allow the water to pass without disturbing the particles underneath. Step 4: Prepare the base . Prepare the mortar mixture, they should bind together without being sloppy or runny. Using a shovel or trowel, apply the mortar to the sub-base, leveling it out. Step 6: Compact the pavers Use concrete, mortar, or plastic paver edging to secure a straight edge for your pavers and separate them from the soil. Tamp down your pavers. Secure the pavers into the sand bed using your plate compactor. After you're done, you should have an even surface. Fill the area between your pavers with polymeric sand Sub-Base Compaction. A strong sub-base is essential to a long-lasting, structurally sound paver installation. Using your tamper or plate compactor, compact the soil or gravel where your pavers will go. This crucial step ensures that there won't be any unwanted air gaps in your system


Since you are compacting the gravel, it will not settle at all. The sand is only two inches thick, so if you compact the sand, it will not settle either. Simplest, best technique is to place and compact the gravel, then place a small area of sand, compact it, then place a couple of pavers so that the top of the paver is flush with the adjacent. SOIL COMPACTION. The next step is to compact the remaining soil bed after excavation is completed. Heavy equipment such as a roller or plate compactor is needed for soil compaction because the remaining soil bed must be well compacted and stable before aggregate rock bedding layers are added on top of it

Possible to compact 30m2 manually with tamper? - Gardening

Plant a ground cover in the joints for an attractive appearance and to help hold the soil in place. Paver paths. Photo 1: Pavers are more formal. Pavers are designed to lie in a tight pattern. Colors and patterns vary widely. Types of pavers. Pavers come in concrete, clay or granite. Plate compactor. Use a plate compactor to compact and even. Above the soil should be a layer of stone. This should be 6 of aggregate and should be compacted to help eliminate air pockets. Above this layer you should put a 2 to 4 sand setting bed. Compact this also. Finally, the travertine pavers should be laid on top of the sand. Tamp them slightly and make sure they are level Remove the paver and then proceed to remove a 2 layer from the topsoil, making the soil bed as flat and smooth as possible. Fill in area with crushed stone paver base or small gravel and level. Place the paver on top of the crushed stone and tap with a rubber mallet to set the paver and ensure that is it level

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How to Install Travertine Pavers On Sand. Start by compacting the soil and make sure that the moisture content of the soil is right. Soil that is too damp or too dry may not compact properly. Establish a border around the edges of the project area using a soldier-course pattern with 6×12 Travertine Pavers This is optional when installing pavers, but will add to the stability and longevity of any paver and is usually recommended for concrete pavers. Base Compacting After installing the optional GeoTextile, we will compact the bed a second time in accordance with the 95% ratio recommended by the ICPI Turfstone Installation. Excavate and compact the soil sub-grade. Place and compact the gravel base (Figure 1). Spread and screed the bedding sand (grading to conform to ASTM C33). Place the Turfstones on bedding sand. Vibrate the Turfstones into the sand. Spread topsoil or gravel into the Turfstones and vibrate again Then, excavate the greenhouse site to a depth of 7 inches, ensuring the soil floor is level. Pour 4 inches of paver base into the excavated area and tamp it into place. Follow this, pour 1 inch of coarse sand over the base material and tamp this into place. Then, place your pavers, cutting them to fit as necessary

After digging the trench for the pavers, compact the soil in the hole then fill it with the gravel foundation. The gravel should be placed in layers and wetted to help with its compaction. Fill the trench until you are left with a space of about 3.5 inches (8.89 cm) for sand and the pavers COMPACTING AGGREGATE BASE Use a tamper or vibrating plate compactor to compact loose soil in the excavated area. Install a string line and pound several wooden grade stakes along it, so that the top of the stakes will be level with the top of the base material (figure 2) 3. When I was younger and worked in foundation construction we made our own effective manual soil compactors. They consisted of two parts, a pipe handle and a round base. The handle was a five or six foot long piece of 1 galvanized pipe. The base was a cast iron wheel hub from junk yard similar to that pictured below

How to Compact Soil for Concrete Slab Hunke

Dig 150mm into your patio area. Lay a compacted sub-base of 100mm. Cover the area with 40mm of concrete mix. Lay paving slabs 15mm into the concrete with a 10-15mm gap. Leave to set for at least 24 hours. Fill the gaps between the paving slabs with concrete mix Tamp and sweep the pavers. Once all the paver stones are in place, tamp them to make sure that they are all compacted to form a tight bond within your bedding layer. This will prevent your pavers from sinking again. You should also pour a pile of sand on the surface and sweep it over the stones to fill up any spaces within the joints Compact the Fill Dirt. After leveling the area where your patio is going to be, you'll want to lay down another thin layer of fill dirt. Then pound over the exposed soil using a tool like a hand tamper until the ground is level and tightly compacted

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This higher compaction pressure combined with the increased static weight means that the YC1390 can compact deeper soil layers compared to the YC1160. And even though it moves slower, you will be able to get the job done faster because you are compacting larger fills of 8 to 12 inches at a time 1. Unstable ground. Before laying patio pavers on dirt, ensure the base is compact and stable.Loose soil has to be removed to a good depth before gravel is compacted in. This is followed by a layer of sand that creates a flat and even surface for laying of pavers Compacting done before and after. After is really an optional step, you would only do it if you were sure you wouldnt damage the pavers. Standard clay brick pavers you would certainly compact after, after putting the gap sand on top. You wouldnt compact after if they were some thin type or special sort of paver you thought might break Clay paver would be installed slightly differently. Al pavers require a well compacted base if you want something to last. Click to explore further. Then, do you need a compactor for pavers? This often requires compacted road base (fine and coarse gravel mix) depending on your soil and the traffic you will have on the paved area

Will plate compactor level pavers

Compacted gravel is used to provide a level base for walking on or for laying brick pavers. Compacting gravel can be a labor-intensive process and can be costly if you hire a professional to do. However, with the right tools and directions, you can lay the compacted gravel yourself, saving hundreds of dollars Since running dump trucks and compaction equipment will damage the curbs, the following sequence should be considered: pour the curbs on the sides of the pavement, compact the soil and base up to the header beam location, pour the header beam, compact the soil, then place and compact base after removal of forms around the cured header

How to Compact Soil Using Water - Swan Hos

How to Compact Soil for Concrete Slab Use a steel-tined rake to rake the soil level. Remove any rocks that may be in the soil. Spray down the slab area with water. Compact the soil with a mechanical compactor for large areas or a hand tamp for small ones. Test the soil density with a testing machine, as per the instructions included with it BASE. Pavers are installed on a compacted granular aggregate which should be between 4 and 6 inches deep. The depth of the base layer is influenced by the soil type and application. The base layer should be leveled and compacted firmly, and will safeguard against the pavers shifting or settling A lawn that's hard and tamped down isn't conducive to healthy grass or flourishing flowers and vegetables. The harder and more compacted the soil is, the more difficult it's going to be for you to grow anything. That's why it's so important to take steps to prevent soil compaction, or to address it when it occurs After compacting the soil, then laying and compacting 4 inches of item 4 you lay one inch of stone dust, this is just for leveling the pavers not the foundation of the patio. If you lay a patio on only one inch of stone dust I don't think it would turn out well, especially if you live in cold climates with a winter freeze

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Excavation: Dig out the soil 5 deep plus the thickness of the pavers from the desired finished height of the patio to allow for 4 of base material, 1 of sand, and the pavers. Use a plate compactor (available for rent at tool rental centers) to compact the soil to prevent settling Compacting and Sweeping - Spread and sweep polymeric sand over the top of the pavers. Then the compactor is used over the top of the pavers. The sand will vibrate from below and above into the joints. Add more sand on top and continue the process until you fill the joints—which will make for a solid paver surface How to Compact Pavers without Plate Compactor Step By . Homeaffluence.com DA: 17 PA: 49 MOZ Rank: 66. Compaction takes place only after the pavers have been laid, at the time of settlement; Place the pavers on the laying layer against each other, providing a small joint; Avoid puddles of water on the pavement by laying the pavers with an inclination of 1 to 2 cm per meter Dirt, without having VERY large compaction equipment designed specifically for the compaction of dirt, is almost impossible to compact completely. I can almost guarantee if dirt is used as any type of backfill material below your hardscape, it will settle SUBSTANTIALLY. Limestone 411's for paver base in raised patio' You can choose to excavate the area, digging to the depth of your pavers and then lay directly onto the space or if you want a more solid finish, you can choose to compact a gravel base with a layer of sand over the top and lay onto this. Laying pavers on sand will lock them into place while allowing for proper drainage. Once your area is.

Do's and Don'ts of Paver Installation: Step 2 of 3 - Base

Begin by excavating the area and compacting the soil. Add a crushed limestone base (3 - 4 is sufficient). Pour a 4 concrete slab. Add the FlexBond mortar and lay the Travertine Pavers, starting from the edge of the driveway inwards. Sand-set: Begin by excavating the area and compacting the soil To start, smooth out the installation area of grass or soil. When completing this step, make sure the area is clear of all debris — such as large rocks, tree branches, and big stones. Next, after you have smoothed out the installation area, compact the sub-base Tamp it down with a hand tamper or power tamper/plate compactor. Add 1 - 2 of sand. Level/screed and then compact it. Lay Pavers - Lay the pavers, tapping each one in with a rubber mallet. Check levels as you go. Cut pavers to fit corners with a chisel or wet saw. Don't cut any pavers smaller than 1/3 of their original size It has a high compaction rate without even needing to tamp it, so you can lay more in your lifts before compaction. We recommend a maximum of 4″ lifts before compacting with this stone. ASTM #8; This is a 3/8″ or sometimes found as 1/4″ open-graded crushed rock with no fines that is used up to 1″ of your final bedding layer for leveling However, the soil directly against the wall will be difficult to compact, again because of the risk of damage to a plate compactor or to the pool wall. Pavers being placed on a thin bedding sand layer on a concrete base. Some contractors place the pavers on the concrete base first then wash in fine sand, which works as well

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First, lay geotextile over the dirt to act as a barrier between the soil and the gravel. Place ¾ minus gravel in the excavated area and compact it to 3″ below where the patio will lay. The base needs to be smooth and even, as any surface imperfections will be evident in the final product The most important part of any brick paver installation is the compacting and preparation of the base aggregate and bedding sand. Any mistakes made here could result in issues later on down the road such as uneven pavers or dips in the paver surface or possibly even a compromise in the structural integrity of the project 2. Excavate the work area. To determine the depth, take into account the thickness of the Arterra pavers, the layer of gravel, and the layer of sand. 3. Compact the soil, creating a slight slope away from buildings. 4. Lay the geotextile filter fabric over the compacted soil to separate the gravel from the soil In addition to removing loose soil and compacting the subgrade soil, remove any grass, roots, large rocks or other debris from the paver installation site. This gives you an even surface to layer and build upon. 2. Dig Correct Subgrade Depth and Slope. The depth of your subgrade excavation will depend on the type of soil you have at the paver site

sand or pavers may be stained. 8. Compacting the Pavers To secure the paving in place, compact the pavers using a mechanical plate compactor with a piece of carpet or rubber mat under the compactor to prevent the pavers from being scratched or damaged. After each pass of the compactor sweep in more jointing sand and compact again before. Level the surface when it's cleared and compact the soil. Spread about two or three layers of crushed gravel in the area, making sure that you create a level and compact surface. Then, add about ½ an inch of sand over the gravel. Level and compact the sand as well. Lay the paver stones on the leveled area. How to Clean Travertine Pavers Add fill dirt within the area of your retaining wall leaving room for the base depth plus the brick paver height. Use a rake to level out the dirt surface and compact it firmly. Add the gravel and spread it out to a depth of 4 inches. Start in one corner where the two sides of the retaining wall meet and form a 90-degree angle When all pavers are laid and you are satisfied with placement, pattern and fit, it is time to compact the pavers into the bedding sand. Compaction evens the top surface of your pavement and starts the interlock process by forcing sand up through the joints. DO NOT use your plate compactor to set these patio blocks Tamp or compact the gravel down every time you add 4 inches of gravel depth. Use the tamper or the compactor, depending on space. The more you compact the gravel is as you fill it, the less chance of settling later. Compact the gravel using the plate compactor. Use the steel rake to move gravel into low spots from high spots and compact again. 7

With the AB Courtyard wall finished and Wall Caps glued in place, backfill 6 in. (150 mm) of soil behind the block up to the top of the first course. Use a hand tamper to carefully compact soil thoroughly. Install another 6 in. (150 mm) of soil up to the top of the second course, again use a hand tamper to compact soil in place TRUEGRID pavers trap the gravel within the empty cells of the interlocking pavers, weighing it down and preventing the gravel and the pavers from moving. TRUEGRID pavers are the most effective method keeping gravel in place on a slope, but you might be wondering how to build a driveway on a hill in an eco-friendly manner